Wild Life sanctuaries and Parks in Himachal Pradesh

Dev Bhoomi Himachal has affluent flora and fauna. Approximately 64% of total geographical area of state is covered with forests. This huge forest area accounts to variety of Wild Life found in Himachal Pradesh. There are two national parks(Great Himalayan National Park & Pin Valley National Park) and Thirty two sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh till December 2008.

Great Himalayan National Park

Situated in Distt. Kullu at an altitude of about 1500mts to5800mts, it consist of upper area of Jiwa, Tirthan and Sainj tributaries which merge in Beas river. This area consist of good forests and meadows having diverse wild life population. Tirthan was declared sanctuary on 17th June,1976 and was declared national park on 1st March 1984. It is surrounded by pin valley national park on the north east, Rupi Bhaba sanctuary on the North west. Here one can find Leopard cat, Barking deer,Himalayan Black bear, Musk deer, Red fox, Jackel, Goral, Ibex, Brown bear, Langur, Leopard,Blue Sheep,Snow leopard,wolf,Rich in flora, it has Banoak, Deodar, dry alpine scrub, Bamboo, Brakes. Tackers,flora and fona lovers have the ideal choice for this park. More information can be found at Wikipedia or at website created by Friends of GHNP.




Pin Valley National Park

Situated in Lahul-Spiti the Pin Valley National Park spreads over an area of 675 Km2 and altitude of the National Park ranges from about 3,500 metres near Ka dogri to more than 6,000 metres at its highest point. It was declared a National Park on 9th January 1987.

With its snow covered higher reaches and with limited vegetation, Pin Valley National Park forms the natural habitat of a number of endangered animals including Himalayan Ibex, Snow Leopard, Bharal, Wooly Hare, Tibetan Wolf, and Snow Cock. Whereas locating a Snow Leopard or Snow Cock could be a once in lifetime experience, it is the Himalayan Ibex which can be seen standing on a shoot against rising or setting sun. More information can be found at H.P. Forest department's website.

Pong Lake Sanctuary

Pong lake situated in Distt Kangra was created in 1976 by constructing a dam in the river Bias.This reservoir spreading over about 300 sq. km.attracts a large number of migratory water birds.It is a wet land having dry bamboo and Himalyan forest. It has one permanent Island and several others connected to the shore.The reservoir has become a habitat for several species of fish generating good revenue. Migratory birds during the winter season attracts a large number of tourists to have a glimpse of different species of water birds.Water sports are also organized for sport lovers. Indian wild beer,redfox,barking deer,hare,Mongoose, Nilgai, Sambar, Indian cobra,Indian python besides various varieties of fish like Mahasheer, Millap, Soal etc do exist.

Here is the complete list of Parks and sanctuaries and area covered by each.

S.No.
Sanctuary/ National Park
District
Area ( Km² )
1
Govind Sagar
Bilaspur
100
2
Shri Nainadevi
Bilaspur
123
3
Sach-Tuan Nala
Chamba
103
4
Gamgul-Siyabehi
Chamba
109
5
Tundah
Chamba
64
6
Kugti
Chamba
379
7
Kalatop-Khajjiar
Chamba
69
8
Pongdam Lake
Kangra
307
9
Dhauladhar
Kangra
944
10
Rakchham-Chhitkul
Kinnaur
304
11
Lipa Asrang
Kinnaur
31
12
Rupi-Bhaba
Kinnaur
503
13
Sainj
Kullu
90
14
Tirthan
Kullu
61
15
Kias
Kullu
14
16
Khokhan
Kullu
14
17
Kanawar
Kullu
61
18
Manali
Kullu
32
19
Kibber
Lahaul & Spiti
1400
20
Bandli
Mandi
41
21
Nargu
Mandi
278
22
Shikari Devi
Mandi
72
23
Daranghati I & II
Shimla
167
24
Talra
Shimla
40
25
Water Supply Catchment
Shimla
10
26
Churdhar
Sirmour
66
27
Simbalbara
Sirmour
19
28
Renuka
Sirmour
4
29
Chail
Solan
109
30
Shilli
Solan
2
31
Majathal
Solan
40
32
Darlaghat
Solan
6

Total Area Wildlife Sanctuary

5562




33
Great Himalayan National Park
Kullu
765
34
PIN Valley National Park
Lahaul & Spiti
675





You can see all these parks and sanctuaries on map at Maps of india. So next time you are in Himachal watch out for Wild Life.


Ecology and Human Well-Being: Nature and Society in Himachal Pradesh
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